The 2000 World Health Report ranked Burma’s overall health system performance as the second worst in the world. Many preventable diseases are rampant in the general population of Burma. Thirty six percent of children younger than 5 are estimated to be malnourished. Babies and children die from vaccine preventable diseases such as tuberculosis, tetanus and measles. Due to military restrictions in border areas, lack of electricity, difficulties with transportation and insufficiently trained health staff, what might be considered a simple illness in the West is life-threatening in Burma.